Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Citation Style Guide (7th Edition): Photographs, Maps & Other

Examples

Photograph from digital archive

Unidentified soldier in Union uniform with musket, knapsack, and bedroll. (ca. 1861-1865).  [Photograph]. Liljenquist family collection (DLC2010650518). Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. http://loc.gov/pictures/resource/ppmsca.26857/

Photograph found in book

Lange, D. (1936).& Migrant mother, Nipomo, California [Photograph]. In Dorothea Lange. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1966.

THIS IS THE CITATION THAT WAS ALREADY HERE.

Photograph from a website

Kudzu, D. F. (2005, September 2). Hurricane Katrina, Biloxi [Photograph]. http://www.flickr.com

Map

Pacific Northwest Seismograph Network (Cartographer). (2011, May 8). Recent earthquakes in Pacific Northwest, Seattle region special map. [Earthquake activity map]. http://www.pnsn.org/recenteqs/Maps/Seattle_Region.html 

Personal Communications

Personal Communications, such as emails, personal interviews, phone conversations, live speeches, unrecorded class lectures, etc, are not included on a reference list.  Cite them in the main text only. For example, (E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2019).