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APA Citation Style Guide (6th): Home

APA, 6th Edition

Please see the NEW APA 7 guide for the most recent rules.


General Guidelines

• Name your citation list "References."

•  Formatting is important!  All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation.  See Tips on formatting tab.

•  Authors' names are last name first, followed by first and middle initials for each author, up to and including seven authors. If the work has more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then use ellipses after the sixth author's name. After the ellipses, list the last author's name of the work.

•  Each entry on your reference list is alphabetized by the last name of the first author. If no author is named, list alphabetically by title. Ignore the words "A" and "The" when alphabetizing.

•  For chapters, articles, or Web pages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.

•  Italicize book and journal titles.

•  Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.


For help and guidance, here are some resources:


On the web