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Child, Youth, and Family Studies Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS) Degree Program: CYFS 420: Applied Research Methods and Information Literacy



This is the resource page for CYFS 420, Applied Research Methods and Information Literacy.  Here you will find the resources and instruction materials to support the information literacy portion of the curriculum for this course.  They are organized into the following resource areas:


We will continue to add materials throughout the course as we cover the different areas of learning. 


 Information Literacy Concepts

What is Information Literacy?

In 2000, The Association of College and Research Libraries defined Information Literacy as a set of abilities requiring individuals to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.”1

These are basic Information Literacy skills that we use everyday to seek information in answer to our questions:

  • Defining the information need by having a question to investigate 

  • Identifying and finding appropriate sources to provide information

  • Evaluating the credibility of a sources and information they provide

  • Applying/using information correctly and ethically to answer question

  • Acknowledging the sources of information as the author and authority of the work

Information Literacy is a life-long learning skill that we use personally, professionally, academically and socially.

This presentation from Seminole State College Library explains the five main components of Information Literacy, and how they are applied in academic versus personal and real-life research and investigation.

Source: Research Foundation: Information Literacy 
Seminal State Library

This presentation from Spartanburg Community College Library explains how we use Information Literacy skills in our academic research as well as real life.

Source: Real-Life Research Skills 
Spartanburg Community College Library

Information Literacy Skills in Academic and Scientific Research

In 2016, The Association of College and Research Libraries revised the framework for Information Literacy in Higher Education to reflect a more integrative and reflective process that addressed information's role in the context of the development of science, scholarship, and new knowledge.

See in-depth descriptions for each frame at
Canisius University - Andrew L. Bouwhuis, S.J. Library


In this new model Information literacy is also:

  • "the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information
  • the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and
  • the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning." 

Scholarship as Conversation occurs when:

 "Communities of scholars, researchers, or professionals engage in sustained discourse with new insights and discoveries occurring over time as a result of varied perspectives and interpretations."

Source: Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education

Successfully finding and engaging with scholarly research materials, requires an understand of these concepts:

  • Understanding how they are used to build new knowledge in research and learning communities and can therefore contribute to your research.
  • Using Information Literacy skills to find them, use them, and cite them correctly.

These critical thinking skills for finding information and building new knowledge are at the heart of Information Literacy.

The two videos below provide clear explanations of these concepts.


Additional Information Literacy resources include:

Information Literacy Oregon Open Education Resources

Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education ACRL


Course Textbooks

Online Required Course Textbook

Additional Relevant Print Books in the Library

There are two copies of each of these books are on Reserve for CYFS 420 in the library:


Creating an Inquiry and Sub Questions

Here are two great videos produced by Western Washington University Libraries that explain how to develop a research question and sub-questions to find information on your problem.  Once you decide on these questions, you can go and find information on them and bring them together to answer your problem.

Developing Your Research Topic


Use One Search to find books, articles and films in one search.

NOTE: After entering your search terms, click the "Search" button to generate your results. Do not use the "Enter" key on your keyboard.

Downloading a Ebook


Understanding Scholarly Journal Articles

Understanding the Different Types of Scholarly Sources


Creating an Annotated Bibliography

These two videos provide a thorough explanation of the purpose and process of the annotation bibliography. Used with permission from Alan W. Aldrich & Carol A. Leibiger. University Libraries, University of South Dakota. Contact: Copyright 2014

There is also a printed script for each video as well as a copy of the Source Evaluation Matrix used in video 2:

Additional Tutorials

Note: There is no APA style for annotated bibliographies, only for citing the references in APA style.


APA Reference Citation Style - Practice Tutorials and Activities

Edmonds College Library APA Citation Style Resources

APA Citation Resource Guide

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

Official APA Writing & Citation Style Resources

The official American Psychological Association (APA) writing and citation style provides excellent resources to help you learn to incorporate this style into your academic writing for your coursework.  

Citation Basics

Watch the video below to learn what citations are, and how to use them to document your sources in your paper.

NC State University, Source: YouTube


Research Ethics

Research Ethics: Key Points

Research Ethics: The History


Writing the Literature Review

Presented by the University of Maryland

Presented by North Carolina State University Library