In 2000, The Association of College and Research Libraries defined Information Literacy as a set of abilities requiring individuals to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.”1
These are basic Information Literacy skills that we use everyday to seek information in answer to our questions:
Defining the information need by having a question to investigate
Identifying and finding appropriate sources to provide information
Evaluating the credibility of a sources and information they provide
Applying/using information correctly and ethically to answer question
Information Literacy is a life-long learning skill that we use personally, professionally, academically and socially.
This presentation from Seminole State College Library explains the five main components of Information Literacy, and how they are applied in academic versus personal and real-life research and investigation.
Source: Research Foundation: Information Literacy
This presentation from Spartanburg Community College Library explains how we use Information Literacy skills in our academic research as well as real life.
Source: Real-Life Research Skills
In 2016, The Association of College and Research Libraries revised the framework for Information Literacy in Higher Education to reflect a more integrative and reflective process that addressed information's role in the context of the development of science, scholarship, and new knowledge.
In this new model Information literacy is also:
Scholarship as Conversation occurs when:
"Communities of scholars, researchers, or professionals engage in sustained discourse with new insights and discoveries occurring over time as a result of varied perspectives and interpretations."
Successfully finding and engaging with scholarly research materials, requires an understand of these concepts:
These critical thinking skills for finding information and building new knowledge are at the heart of Information Literacy.
The two videos below provide clear explanations of these concepts.
Additional Information Literacy resources include:
- Information Literacy Oregon Open Education Resources